이번 칼럼은 5월 31일~6월 11일까지 우간다에서 열리는 로마협약리뷰컨퍼런스(The Review Conference of the Rome Statute)와 관련된 내용으로, 국제형사재판소의 시대적 사명과 역할의 중요성을 표현한, 반기문 유엔사무총장의 칼럼이다.
아래는 유엔공식언어로 된 동일한 내용의 칼럼파일이다.
The Age of Accountability — By Ban Ki-moon
Twelve years ago, world leaders gathered in
On May 31, nations come together once again, this time in
As UN Secretary-General, I have come to see how effective the ICC can be — and how far we have come. A decade ago, few could have believed the court would now be fully operational, investigating and trying perpetrators of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity across a broadening geography of countries.
This is a fundamental break with history. The old era of impunity is over. In its place, slowly but surely, we are witnessing the birth of a new “age of accountability.” It began with the special tribunals set up in
So far, the ICC has opened five investigations. Two trials are underway; a third is scheduled to begin in July. Four detainees are in custody. Those who thought the court would be little more than a “paper tiger” have been proved wrong. To the contrary, the ICC casts an increasingly long shadow. Those who would commit crimes against humanity have clearly come to fear it.
And yet, the ICC remains a court of last resort, stepping in only when national courts do not (or cannot) act. In March,
If the ICC is to have the reach it should possess, if it is to become an effective deterrent as well as an avenue of justice, it must have universal support. As Secretary-General, I call on all nations to join. Those that already have done so must cooperate fully with the court. That includes backing it publicly, as well as faithfully executing its orders.
The ICC does not have its own police force. It cannot make arrests. Suspects in three of the court’s five proceedings remain free, living in impunity. Not only the ICC but the whole of the international justice system suffers from such disregard, while those who would abuse human rights are emboldened.
The review conference in
Perhaps the most contentious debate will focus on the balance between peace and justice. Frankly, I see no choice between them. In today’s conflicts, civilians are too often the chief victims. Women, children and the elderly are at the mercy of armies or militias who rape, maim, kill and devastate towns, villages, crops, cattle and water sources — all as a strategy of war. The more shocking the crime, the more effective it is as a weapon.
Any victim would understandably yearn to stop such horrors, even at the cost of granting immunity to those who have wronged them. But this is a truce at gunpoint, without dignity, justice or hope for a better future. The time has passed when we might talk of peace versus justice. There cannot be one without the other.
Our challenge is to pursue them both, hand in hand. In this, the International Criminal Court is key. In
The writer is Secretary-General of the United Nations
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