'ICC'에 해당되는 글 1건

  1. 2010.05.27 [반기문 사무총장 칼럼] 책임의 시대
반기문 유엔사무총장이 전 세계에 보낸 칼럼이다. 유엔정보센터(UN Information Centre)를 통해 각 지역의 미디어에 보내지는데, 한국에서는 이곳 유엔온라인정보센터(UN Online Information Centre)에서 게재됐다.  여러번 몇몇 국영문 온라인/오프라인 매체에 게재 의사를 타진해봤지만, 거의 반응이 없어 좌절했던 적이 한두번이 아니다. 한국의 국제이슈에 관한 관심은 정말...  유엔사무총장 선거나 한국의 이사국 등장 등이 아니면, 거의 없다고 생각된다.

이번 칼럼은 5월 31일~6월 11일까지 우간다에서 열리는 로마협약리뷰컨퍼런스(The Review Conference of the Rome Statute)와 관련된 내용으로,  국제형사재판소의 시대적 사명과 역할의 중요성을 표현한, 반기문 유엔사무총장의 칼럼이다.

아래는 유엔공식언어로 된 동일한 내용의 칼럼파일이다.



The Age of Accountability — By Ban Ki-moon

Twelve years ago, world leaders gathered in Rome to establish the International Criminal Court. Seldom since the founding of the United Nations itself has such a resounding blow been struck for peace, justice and human rights.

On May 31, nations come together once again, this time in Kampala, Uganda, for the first formal review of the Rome treaty. It is a chance not only to take stock of our progress but to build for the future. More, it is an occasion to strengthen our collective determination that crimes against humanity cannot go unpunished — the better to deter them in the future.

As UN Secretary-General, I have come to see how effective the ICC can be — and how far we have come. A decade ago, few could have believed the court would now be fully operational, investigating and trying perpetrators of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity across a broadening geography of countries. 

This is a fundamental break with history. The old era of impunity is over. In its place, slowly but surely, we are witnessing the birth of a new “age of accountability.” It began with the special tribunals set up in Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia; today, the ICC is the keystone of a growing system of global justice that includes international tribunals, mixed international-national courts and domestic prosecutions.

So far, the ICC has opened five investigations. Two trials are underway; a third is scheduled to begin in July. Four detainees are in custody. Those who thought the court would be little more than a “paper tiger” have been proved wrong. To the contrary, the ICC casts an increasingly long shadow. Those who would commit crimes against humanity have clearly come to fear it.

And yet, the ICC remains a court of last resort, stepping in only when national courts do not (or cannot) act. In March, Bangladesh became the 111th party to the Rome Statute, while 37 others have signed but not yet ratified it. Some of the world’s largest and most powerful countries, however, have not joined.

 

If the ICC is to have the reach it should possess, if it is to become an effective deterrent as well as an avenue of justice, it must have universal support. As Secretary-General, I call on all nations to join. Those that already have done so must cooperate fully with the court. That includes backing it publicly, as well as faithfully executing its orders.

 

The ICC does not have its own police force. It cannot make arrests. Suspects in three of the court’s five proceedings remain free, living in impunity. Not only the ICC but the whole of the international justice system suffers from such disregard, while those who would abuse human rights are emboldened.

The review conference in Kampala will look for ways to strengthen the court. Among them: a proposal to broaden its scope to include “crimes of aggression,” as well as measures to build the willingness and capacity of national courts to investigate and prosecute war crimes.

 

Perhaps the most contentious debate will focus on the balance between peace and justice. Frankly, I see no choice between them. In today’s conflicts, civilians are too often the chief victims. Women, children and the elderly are at the mercy of armies or militias who rape, maim, kill and devastate towns, villages, crops, cattle and water sources — all as a strategy of war. The more shocking the crime, the more effective it is as a weapon.

 

Any victim would understandably yearn to stop such horrors, even at the cost of granting immunity to those who have wronged them. But this is a truce at gunpoint, without dignity, justice or hope for a better future. The time has passed when we might talk of peace versus justice. There cannot be one without the other.

 

Our challenge is to pursue them both, hand in hand. In this, the International Criminal Court is key. In Kampala, I will do my best to help advance the fight against impunity and usher in the new age of accountability. Crimes against humanity are just that — crimes against us all. We must never forget.

 

The writer is Secretary-General of the United Nations

 


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