그동안 여러 부처와 기구로 흩어졌던 여성관련 이슈(gender issues)를 총괄하여, 통합적인 정책수립과 정책이 가능한 가칭 "유엔여성기구"가 새롭게 발족될 예정이다.
유엔총회는 지난 9월 14일 기존의 여성 관련 기구였던 유엔여성발전기금(United Nations Development Fund for Women), 유엔경제사회국 여성지위향상부(UNDESA Division for the Advancement of Women), 양성이슈에 관한 특별보좌관실(Office of the Speical Adviser on Gender Issues), 유엔여성지위향상연구조사원(UN International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women)을 하나로 합쳐서 사무차장급이 이끄는 단일 "유엔여성기구"로 통합출범하기로 결정했다.
유엔에이즈계획의 마이클 사무총장은 "여성의 권익을 증진시키는 총체적인 기회"할 수 있다면, "사하라 이남 아프리카에서 에이즈에 감연된 환자의 60%이상이 여성인 점에 비추어 유엔여성기구의 발족은 에이즈 예방과 치료에도 큰 도움이 될 것"이라 밝혔다.
UN to establish single new agency to deal with rights of women
The General Assembly adopted a resolution late yesterday on improving system-wide coherence within the UN, and the text spells out the support of Member States for a new consolidated body – to be headed by an under-secretary-general – to deal with issues concerning women.
The resolution means the UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), the Division for the Advancement of Women, the Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and the UN International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (UN-INSTRAW) will be merged.
In a statement issued today by his spokesperson, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said he was “particularly gratified” that the Assembly had accepted his proposal for “a more robust promotion” of women’s rights under the new entity.
“An important step has been made in strengthening the United Nations’ work in the area of gender equality and empowerment of women, as well as in ensuring the effective delivery of its operational activities for development, which constitutes the other key components of the resolution,” the statement noted.
Mr. Ban said in the statement that he had appointed more women to senior posts than at any other time in the history of the UN, including nine women to the rank of under-secretary-general. The number of women in senior posts has increased by 40 per cent under his tenure.
The Assembly’s resolution tasks Mr. Ban with providing Member States with a comprehensive proposal outlining the mission statement, structure, funding and oversight of the new entity so that it can be created as soon as possible.
The resolution also calls for greater measures to harmonize business practices within the UN development system, ways to improve the funding system for such activities, and other steps to streamline practices within the world body.
After the resolution, UNIFEM – which currently operates in autonomous association with the UN Development Programme (UNDP) – issued a statement welcoming “the unanimous strong support” among Member States, which follow three years of extensive consultations on the structure and operational details of the new body.
“UNIFEM trusts that deliberations can resume soon to ensure an informed and swift establishment of the composite entity,” the statement said.